Functional Movement involves various approaches and techniques designed to assess, enhance, and optimize the human body’s ability to move efficiently and effectively. Two prominent methodologies within the realm of Functional Movement are Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS) and the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA). These approaches share the common goal of improving movement quality, but they differ in their principles and application.
Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS): Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization, or DNS, is a therapeutic approach rooted in developmental kinesiology and neurodevelopmental principles. It draws upon the natural movement patterns observed in infants and young children as they progress through various developmental stages, such as rolling, crawling, and walking. These fundamental movement patterns are considered the building blocks of human movement and are believed to be hardwired into our central nervous system.
The core principles of DNS involve the integration of these innate movement patterns to optimize postural control, stability, and motor function. Practitioners of DNS aim to activate and strengthen deep stabilizing muscles that are vital for maintaining proper alignment and movement. DNS exercises often focus on activating the inner core muscles, including the diaphragm, transverse abdominis, and pelvic floor, which play a crucial role in providing stability to the spine and pelvis.
Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA): The Selective Functional Movement Assessment, or SFMA, is a comprehensive movement assessment system that helps identify dysfunctional movement patterns and their underlying causes. Unlike DNS, which focuses on specific developmental movement sequences, SFMA is more about identifying areas of dysfunction within a person’s movement patterns and addressing them through targeted interventions.
SFMA is performed by analyzing a series of movement patterns involving various joints and body segments. These patterns are categorized into different movement patterns, such as squatting, lunging, reaching, and rotation. Practitioners assess whether the movement is painful, restricted, or dysfunctional, and then determine whether the dysfunction is due to mobility issues or stability/control problems. Based on the assessment, specific interventions, exercises, and manual techniques can be applied to improve the individual’s movement quality.
In summary, both DNS and SFMA are methodologies within the field of Functional Movement that seek to enhance the way individuals move and function. DNS emphasizes the integration of developmental movement patterns to optimize stability and motor control, while SFMA focuses on identifying dysfunctional movement patterns and addressing their underlying causes through targeted interventions. Both approaches are valuable tools for healthcare professionals, fitness trainers, and movement specialists seeking to improve their clients’ movement quality and overall performance.